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The political declaration provides that the EU-UK agreement on future relations will essentially be an economic and security partnership. In accordance with the political declaration, the 27 EU Member States agreed on 25 February 2020 on the negotiating mandate of the European Commission, which is negotiating on behalf of the Member States on future relations between the EU and the UNITED Kingdom. On this basis, the EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, presented in mid-March a draft comprehensive agreement on the new partnership with the UK, to which other elements were added. You can find this and the others on the UK Task Force`s website. Rules of understanding and interpretation of the agreement. It is specified that they have the same legal force in the EU as in the UK. The rules have a direct effect, i.e. if they are precise and clear, they can be directly invoked by individuals before national courts. The provisions of EU law are interpreted in accordance with EU law and the practice of the European Court of Justice.

The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. These relate in particular to citizens – Sweden and other EU citizens residing in the UK and the British here in Sweden. These provisions mean that their situation will not change much and Swedes, who currently live in the UK, can live, work, study and retire there will continue to be able to live, work, study and retire. The agreement covers all issues that affect citizens in their daily lives, namely social security and living benefits, such as social security, health care and medical care, pensions, unemployment insurance, student scholarships and various forms of family benefits. Recognition of training certificates and other professional qualifications is also covered. As of 1 January 2021, the UK will no longer be part of the internal market or customs union.

Even if an agreement on future relations is reached by the end of the year, the EU`s relationship with the UK will change radically and will be very different from those of the UNITED Kingdom, which was a member of the single market.